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Home Inspection: 

A home inspection is a thorough, objective and visual examination of the accessible areas of a residential property and is designed to identify defects within specific systems and components.

Below is a list of what is included in a home inspection:



  • the roof-covering materials
  • gutters
  • downspouts
  • vents, flashing, skylights, chimney and other roof penetrations
  • general structure of the roof from readily accessible panels, doors or stains.


Basement, Foundation,

Crawlspace & Structure

  • Foundation
  • Basement
  • Crawlspace
  • Structural components



  • Inspection of the cooling system (i.e. A.C.), using the normal operating controls.



  • Service drop
  • OVerhead service conductors and attachment point
  • Service head, gooseneck and drip loops
  • Service mast, service conduit and raceway
  • Electric meter and base
  • Service-entrance conductors
  • Main service disconnect
  • Panelboards and over-current protection devices
  • Service grounding and bonding
  • Representative number of switches, lighting fixtures and receptacles
  • Ground-fault circuit interrupter receptacles
  • Presence of smoke and carbon-monoxide detectors


Doors, Windows & Interior

  •  Representative number of doors and windows by operating them
  • Floors, walls and ceilings
  • Stairs, steps, landings, stairways and ramps
  • Railings, guards and handrails
  • Garage vehicle doors and the operation of garage vehicle door openers, using normal operating controls.


  • Exterior wall covering materials
  • Eaves, soffits and fascia
  • Representative number of windows
  • All exterior doors
  • Flashing and Trim
  • Walkways and driveways
  • Stairs, steps, stoops, stairways and ramps
  • Porches, patios, decks, balconies and carports
  • Railings, guards and handrails
  • Vegetation, surface drainage, retaining walls and grading of the property.



  • This involves inspecting the heating system (i.e. furnace), specifically using normal operating controls.



  • Main water supply shut-off valve
  • Main fuel supply shut-off valve
  • Water heating equipment (including energy source, venting connections, temperature/pressure-relief valves)
  • Interior water supply (including all fixtures and faucets by running the water
  • All toilets for proper operation by flushing
  • All sinks, tubs and showers for functional drainage
  • Drain, waste and vent systems
  • Drainage sump pumps with accessible floats



  • Readily accessible and visible portions of the fireplaces and chimneys
  • Lintels above the fireplace openings
  • Damper doors by opening and closing them, if readily accessible and manually operable
  • Cleanout doors and frames


Attic, Insulation &


  • Insulation in unfinished spaces, including attics, crawlspaces and foundation areas
  • Ventilation of unfinished spaces, including attics, crawlspaces and foundation areas
  • Mechanical exhaust systems in the kitchen, bathrooms and laundry area



For a copy of Standards of Practice click here.